Enjoy Dutch Science Talks while sitting anywhere in the world!
Dutch Science Talks is a series of lectures on different topics initiated by Nuffic Neso Russia in close collaboration with the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Moscow and the Consulate General Kingdom of the Netherlands in St. Petersburg. The main goal of this project is to introduce Russian audience to the latest Dutch research trends and discoveries.
This lecture will focus on the research project called Identity in the Typical, led by architects Daria Naugolnova and Alexey Boev. The project is an international survey of the system of palaces and houses of culture in Russia. The aim of the project is to help this already existing system of 42,000 sociocultural buildings to become a driver of contemporary values by modernising it. The lecture will explain what has already been done, how the researchers work, what is planned and how it will be implemented.

The project is supported by the Dutch Stimuleringsfonds Creatieve Industrie, the Russian Presidential Grants Fund and the Union of Moscow Architects.
AI is an extremely powerful technology that could bring many benefits to society. AI is currently transforming how businesses operate, how government operates, how healthcare, law enforcement and education work, and how people communicate and find information. In recent years, it has been recognised that AI could also have major ethical challenges that, if unanswered, could threaten both the individual and the state. These include challenges to privacy, fairness, liberty, and the quality of society and its democratic processes, amongst others. In this talk, Brey will discuss how these challenges emerge, what their potential consequences are, and how they can be met by various actors, including developers of AI, users, policymakers, and others.
Three-quarters of humans live in cities, and a large portion of the planet's landmass is urbanised. With much of the rest covered by human-shaped farms, pasture, and plantations, where can nature still go? One possibility: to the cities. Thanks to evolutionary adaptation taking place at unprecedented speeds, plants and animals are devising new ways of living in the seemingly hostile environments of asphalt and steel that humans have created. Menno Schilthuizen will discuss this new chapter in the history of life – a chapter in which much older biodiversity is disappearing, but also one in which new and exciting life forms are being born.
The transition towards a circular economy will evolve, no doubt about that. Such concepts as "systems innovation" will take generations, and the key question is how to facilitate faster development. One of the answers is "transition management", the art of creating interventions and conditions for change. Disruptors and start-ups operate mainly in the "margins" of the economy. How can these initiatives be fostered and facilitated in growth towards the "mainstream"? In this lecture, Douwe Jan Joustra, having a long experience in transition management in the Netherlands, shares his insights on the acceleration of change towards the circular economy.
Why do specialists in ethics look into the carbon emissions issue? Much of the public discussions around climate change are about technological possibilities, the business case for climate action, or about how to muster the political will to take the necessary steps. Yet it is much less discussed in the public arena is that climate change has also an ethical dimension: does everyone need to fly less, eat less meat, and implement other changes to our lifestyles voluntarily, or is it the wrong focus to put moral demands on individuals?
Alissa+Nienke Studio believes in designs that recover our senses. At A+N they design and create signature walls & innovative surfaces in order to enrich these environments and enhance the wellbeing of people. Doing so is a constant quest, in which they closely collaborate to innovate. Whether they team up with craftsmen or high-tech industry, whether they work with biofeedback scientists or neuropsychologists: together they reach goals that they couldn't have accomplished alone. They will tell about their work, inventions, and will answer the questions that the audience may have.
In 1989 the European Parliament adopted a resolution requesting that a start be made on the drafting of a common European Civil Code. The 30 years that followed can be qualified as the age of legal harmonisation. In many areas, such as consumer transactions and technical norms, common rules and standards were adopted to eliminate obstacles to trade. Also outside of the EU attempts were made to reach more uniformity among the laws of different countries. One notable example is the 1995 Russian Civil Code drafted on basis of a CIS Model that was also followed in other post-Soviet countries. In this lecture, Jan Smits will discuss the aims and effects of such legal harmonisation for business and consumers. What was achieved so far? Does harmonisation help in eliminating obstacles to trade? Is there also value in maintaining diversity? And what is the future of harmonisation given increasing economic nationalism?
International educators and experts will discuss the public and learning spaces of the long-biography universities challenged with the 'preserve VS remove' dilemma. Recent changes in lifestyles and education modes made the problem of obsolete and inefficiently used spaces even more acute for technical universities, which use the 19th – 20th-century infrastructure. How can we create a comfortable, inclusive and motivating environment in a historic campus with an "untouchable" heritage? What spatial solutions are offered for productive studies and research work by modern university innovators? These and other questions will be answered by the best international and Russian professionals, which develop campuses of the Netherlands, Italy, Finland and Russia.
This presentation will highlight results from various studies on household food waste. Taking a social marketing approach, a focus group study across four EU countries was used to obtain insights into the potential drivers of household food waste, classified into the motivation-ability-opportunity framework.
Anton Gubnitsyn will share the results of the research made by TIAR-Center under the umbrella of the Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC). It was dedicated to studying the stages of food wastage and the prospectives of food-sharing development in Russia.
During the lecture, Aliki van der Kruijs will share a series of textile projects that follow a blue line; weather and water. These projects will show how through fieldwork, contextual research and performative encounters she constructs textile collections. Having asked herself, "Is it possible to wear the weather?", van der Kruijs asked herself how to capture the experience of rain. For this, she developed her own technique called pluviagraphy, to capture raindrops in ink. She will talk more about it during the lecture.
In the opening, Victoria Denisova introduces the notion of logic, observes some historical facts regarding research in logic and its correlation with cognitive science and cognitive psychology in general. Then, prof. Dmitrii Kovpak presents the logical roots in developing cognitive behavioural psychology. Finally, prof. dr. Michiel van Lambalgen discusses his current research work where logicians and cognitive psychologists (cognitive scientists in general) collaborate. He suggests that logicians and cognitive scientists have completed the conjoint research work and have presented the findings that are useful for treating some psychological disorders.
The Dutch have a long history in greenhouse horticulture and have recently been involved in vertical farming. In the presentation a comparison will be made between greenhouses and vertical farms. The presentation includes an overview of the systems, how the systems manage the climate around the plants and how this affects yield and costs.

The lecture was organised as a part of the Urban Greenhouse Challenge: Reforest initiated by Tomsk Polytechnic University (as a follow-up to earlier Greenhouse Challenges organised by Wageningen University & Research in the Netherlands).
Most assessments of the UN at its 75th anniversary focus on the potential for reform and the problems inherent in the organisation. This talk will give a more balanced overview, examining the problems and the achievements of the UN in an effort to escape teleological views which tend to emphasise only the role of the Permanent Five. Instead, the lecturer will examine some of the collective efforts of the other 188 member-states to shape the UN over time. In the process, they have altered not just the structure of the organisation, but also changed its procedures and processes, while invigorating the normative environment. At times, this also took place against the resistance if not direct criticism of the P5, providing an altogether different narrative of the UN after 75 years.
The Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by the UN in 2015 also relate to a variety of human rights. All that comes with obligations and duties, primarily for the States' governments, but as the saying goes: "They can't do it alone." The business sector and non-governmental organisations are needed as well. The lecture looks at the 'business model' of large civil society organisations, discuss applicable accountability standards, and address the thin line between the freedom they have to do 'whatever they like' and the moral as well practical responsibility to help realising the Sustainable Development Goals.
In this presentation the lecturer will argue that the phenomenon of "undesirable and unremovable immigrants in limbo" is on the rise. He will sketch the historical context, describe which different groups end up in limbo, depict their lives and discusses past and present policy responses in dealing with limbo-situations. Information is obtained by means of an analysis of available academic literature, case law, media coverage and interviews with practitioners and immigrants.
At the beginning of the Second World War, Jan Zwartendijk, then the Dutch consul in Lithuania, found a way to save the lives of thousands of Jewish people who had fled Poland, by giving them visas for the Dutch island of Curaçao in the Caribbean. The vast majority of them survived the war.
In 1997, Zwartendijk was posthumously bestowed the Yad Vashem honorary title 'Righteous Among Nations' for his large-scale rescue mission.
Jaap de Zwaan will discuss the origin and achievements of the European Union cooperation, as well as a number of topical issues, internal and external ones. Topics such as respect of human rights and fundamental values, prosperity and competitiveness, internal and external security, climate and environment, the tensions at the external borders of the Union as well as the relationship with the United States, China and the Russian Federation will be touched upon.
The jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is often a source of inspiration for other courts, both national and international, although it has also been the object of (serious) criticisms. Court accepts - in the name of (requirements for) integration - far-reaching restrictions on the rights of the religious minorities with a migrant background to be respected in their own religiously inspired way of life. States are therefore enabled to exclude and marginalise these minorities while disregarding the right to equal treatment for the human rights paradigm.
The European Convention of Human Rights is one of the most successful human rights treaties in the world. Over time, it has been signed and ratified by 47 European states. In many of these states, the Convention has been incorporated into national law and its provisions are regularly invoked before national courts. The Convention system shows a complex paradox – it can be seen in the overall level of protection of human rights in Europe, in the degree of acceptance of Court judgments by the states and in the impact of these judgments on national law. The main question is how to deal with this paradox. The lecture will examine the historical rationales underlying the system, the concept of human rights and the role of the Court's argumentative techniques.
The idea of human rights has a long history. Since 1945, when the United Nations was established, world leaders have cooperated to codify human rights in a universally recognized regime of treaties, institutions, and norms. Nicolaas Schrijver reviews in a nutshell the development and codification of human rights at a global and regional level.
Food is as important as energy, as security, as the environment. Everything is linked together.
Louise Fresco elaborates on what should be done with food systems in order to ensure food security in the years to come.
More than half of the world's population face nutrition problems on a regular basis. People still die of hunger and suffer from anaemia due to iron deficiency. At the same time some face obesity due to increased consumption of foods that are high in energy, fats, added sugars or salt, along with an inadequate intake of fruits, vegetables and dietary fibre.
The problem is more complex than simply the amount of food being produced. It's time to think of food as a topic of social and economic importance on par with oil.
Beyond the Creative City: Arts, Politics and Public Life in the City of the 21st Century
The lecture was delivered by Pascal Gielen from Groningen University on 24 February 2016 in cooperation with Higher School of Economics and Garage Museum of Contemporary Art
Changing Our Textual Minds towards Digital Order of Knowledge
The lecture was delivered by Adriaan van der Weel from Leiden University on 22 September 2015 in cooperation with The Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences
The Gallery of Russian Historical Figures: General Wrangler and Lawyer Maklakov
In this lecture, Anthony Willem Kröner presents the results of his years-long research in archives of various countries. He is a Leiden university alumnus, he worked for UNESCO in different Asian countries for a long time as a scientific expert in chemical industry. Years after, he obtained a PhD degree in History at the University of Amsterdam. He published a biography of General Wrangel, which was also published in Russian in 2011.